According to National Georgraphic, the system is vital for navigation, affecting everything from phones to commercial airlines and, if not adjusted based on the changes, could have major effects.
WMM helps to calibrate accurate geographical data for a host of consumer uses including compass apps, maps, and Global Positioning System services found on cellphones and other electronic devices.
This shift of magnetic pole is an emerging issue for all smartphone makers as the device compasses are getting more inaccurate by the day.
So scientists at the American NOAA and Britain's BGS have had to update their model ahead of the late 2019 scheduled deadline. It has already crossed the International Date Line in 2017 and now is on its way to cross the Canadian Arctic and then Siberia. "Typically, a new and updated version of the WMM is released every five years".
This pole is defined as the point at which magnetic field lines point vertically down.
Airport runway names are based on their direction toward magnetic north, and their names change when the sticks moved.
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That could bother some birds that use magnetic fields to navigate. The one thing scientists can all agree upon is that the movement of magnetic poles is impossible to accurately forecast for the future.
With the magnetic field of the Earth changing more than predicted, the values can be off requiring an out-of-cycle update such as this. For example, the airport in Fairbanks, Alaska, renamed a runway 1L-19R to 2L-20R in 2009.
On Monday, NOAA announced the release of an update to the World Magnetic Model, a tool that tracks how the Earth's magnetic field changes depending on where you're located on the planet. It's happened many times in Earth's past, but maybe not in the last 780, 000 years. Comparing it's predictions to real time measurements on the shifting magnetic field.
The reason is turbulence in Earth's liquid outer core.
'It's not a question of if it's going to reverse, the question is when it's going to reverse, ' Mr Lathrop said.
Exactly why the northern magnetic pole is moving at a faster rate is not clear.
The World Magnetic Model (WMM) is a representation of Earth's magnetic field.
For most civilian purposes in Western Europe and North America, British Geological Survey geophysicist Ciaran Beggan says the changes would be relatively minor.