The source said Syrian defences intercepted most of the "enemy targets" and that only a warehouse at Damascus International airport was hit, according to SANA.
The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said at least two Israeli rockets hit the outskirts of the airport.
The official said Israeli aircraft coming from the south fired several missiles at areas near Damascus around 11:15 PM.
Following the airstrike, Israeli warplanes were seen flying at high speed and low altitude over the southern Lebanese city of Tyre.
Another official told SANA traffic at the airport had not been disrupted.
NASA’s planet hunting probe discovers third new planet
TESS launched to Earth orbit in April 2018 on a mission to find alien worlds circling stars in our solar system's neighborhood. As a result, data collected during the first few days of observations were simply ignored, according to the statement .
It is not yet clear whether the S-300s were among the air defense systems used in the Friday night counterattacks.
Israel has previously carried out several bombings in Syria against what it says are Iranian military targets and advanced arms deliveries to Hezbollah.
The Syrian Foreign and Expatriates Ministry suggested that the Israeli attack was part of the ongoing Israeli campaign to prolong the crisis in Syria.
The Israeli regime launches airstrikes on the Syrian territory from time to time, aggressive moves usually viewed as attempts to prop up terrorist groups that have been suffering defeats at the hands of Syrian government forces.
Russian Federation is a main ally of Damascus.
An AFP correspondent in Damascus heard several loud explosions late on Friday, the global news agency said.