Veselnitskaya's more well-known role is that of the Russian attorney who met with Donald Trump Jr., Paul Manafort and other members of the Trump presidential team at Trump Tower in the summer of 2016.
Last April, Veselnitskaya acknowledged in an interview with NBC News that she was not merely a private lawyer, but a source of information for the Russian prosecutor general, Yuri Y. Chaika.
The U.S. attorney's office settled the case against Prevezon past year for $5.8 million, a small fraction of the monies originally alleged to have been involved.
It also is the first time United States prosecutors have directly connected Veselnitskaya to the Russian government.
You can read the indictment for yourself here.
The indictment is unrelated to Russian election interference, but it illustrates Veselnitskaya's close ties to the Russian government.
The lawyer first made headlines in the United States when it emerged she had met with senior Trump campaign aides, including Mr Trump's son Donald Trump Jnr, in 2016 to purportedly exchange information about Democratic opponent Hillary Clinton. Browder's late lawyer, Sergei Magnitsky, was arrested in 2009 while investigating Prevezon's alleged money laundering scheme.
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Veselnitskaya, an attorney based in Russian Federation, was retained to assist the defendants. Former U.S. attorney Preet Bharara had alleged that Prevezon had received around $2 million from the $230 million scheme, some of which had been funneled into Manhattan real estate. That same information was included in a memo Veselnitskaya took into her meeting with Trump Jr.
Veselnitskaya was charged with obstruction of justice in NY federal court Tuesday in relation to a lawsuit involving alleged money laundering and forfeiture related to a tax refund fraud scheme in Russian Federation. In 2017, the US attorney's office settled its civil case against Prevezon for more than $5.8 million.
Federal prosecutors in Manhattan lodged the charges against Natalya Veselnitskaya in December, saying she had filed a misleading document in the government's case against Prevezon Holdings, a Cyprus-based real estate firm, and its Russian owner.
According to the indictment, Veselnitskaya sought to deny the US government's partial summary judgment motion in 2015 by providing the court with a copy of a report produced by the Russian government that purported to exonerate all Russian government personnel involved in the alleged scheme.
Exiled Russian tycoon Mikhail Khodorkovsky first disclosed emails cited in the indictment between Veselnitskaya and Chaika in April 2018.
Veselnitskaya is believed to be living in Russian Federation.
Russian prosecutors accuse Magnitsky of participating in the largest tax fraud in Russian history worth $200 million. Instead, according to the government, Veselnitskaya helped draft the report "in secret coordination" with a senior Russian prosecutor.