With the federal minimum wage stuck at $7.25 an hour since 2009, many states and cities have taken it upon themselves to raise the rate for the lowest-paid workers.
The hourly minimum wage for tipped employees will be $4.55 per hour effective January 1, 2019, half the minimum wage for non-tipped employees.
In Missouri and neighboring Arkansas, voters in November overwhelmingly approved a minimum-wage increase, which directly affects about 1 million workers.
The business sector, which has opposed the Labor Ministry's argument based on the Supreme Court's ruling, claims that the increased working hours can raise the chances of violating the Minimum Wage Act. The federal wage rate of $7.25 an hour will remain in effect next year.
The workers at New York City businesses with 10 or fewer employees will reach the $15 minimum wage at the end of 2019. Before the scheduled increase Monday, the minimum wage was $13.50. In today's dollars, the 1968 wage would be worth $11.83.
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"It's been a long time since we've raised the federal minimum wage, and if Congress isn't going to do it, state lawmakers are feeling compelled to do it, and even local lawmakers", said David Cooper, senior economic analyst at EPI, a left-leaning research group.
"I think the weight of the evidence to date suggests the employment effects from minimum-wage increases in the USA have been pretty small, much smaller than the wage increases", he said. The federal minimum for workers who receive tips is $2.13 per hour. Businesses may place a higher value on experienced workers, making it more challenging for entry-level employees to find jobs.
Despite the national movement to raise wages for low-income workers, the state minimum wage is vastly different across the country.
Alaska is raising its minimum hourly wage only five cents, from $9.84 to $9.89.