Voters in Minnesota and MI elected the first two Muslim women to serve in the U.S. Congress, a former refugee who fled Somalia's civil war and a Detroit-born Palestinian-American.
A number of women have also achieved significant firsts in their states, including Democrats Veronica Escobar and Sylvia Garcia who become the first Latina Congresswomen in Texas, and Alyanna Pressley from MA, becoming her state's first black representative in Congress.
Democrats Ilhan Omar of Minnesota and Rashida Tlaib of MI will be the first Muslim women to serve in Congress, while Boston City Councilwoman Ayanna Pressley will represent Massachusetts' 7th Congressional District in the next Congress.
And Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, the former Bernie Sanders organiser who won an upset primary victory over a senior House Democrat, will also head to Congress. And regardless of who wins in Arizona's competitive Senate race, the state will elect either Republican Martha McSally or Democrat Kyrsten Sinema as the state's first woman to serve in the chamber.
■In Tennessee, Republican Marsha Blackburn will become that state's first woman senator.
The midterms seemed poised to shake things up even before results came in: A record number of women were on the ballot, and there were races across the country that looked likely to diversify the faces in Congress and statehouses.
The age barrier was cracked on Tuesday as well, with Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez of NY, 29, earning her spot as the youngest woman ever elected to Congress. While they did take control of the House of Representatives, liberals suffered some painful defeats, especially in the Senate. Stacey Abrams, one of 16 women running for governor this year, remains in a tight contest in Georgia. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, who cruised to an easy victory in New York's 14th District, will be the youngest member of the House at age 29 - but only just behind Abby Finkenauer, who won in Iowa's 1st District and is also 29.
When Veronica Escobar and Sylvia Garcia take their seats in January with the 2018 class, they will be the first Latinas ever to represent Texas in the U.S. House.
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Mexican druglord " El Chapo " Guzman is on the run from police after making a daring escape from Mexico's most secure prison. Another was sent home after she said she couldn't be impartial, saying, "I feel very bad about drugs".
Sharice Davids became one of the first Native American members of Congress. Davids, an attorney and advocate, will represent Kansas' 3rd Congressional District, which covers eastern Kansas and includes Kansas City.
"On a night when women are winning up and down the ballot this is a historic night for us because now Nevada joins to be the fifth state with two women Senators", Mrs Rosen said during her victory speech. Months later, as a GOP legislature attempted to repeal the ACA, women activists made hundreds of thousands of phone calls to their representatives and confronted them at angry town halls.
Women won gubernatorial races in nine states.
For this wave of women leaders, the next few years are going to be about much more than stereotypical women's issues. ME and South Dakota also elected their first female governors with Janet Mills and Kristi Noem, respectively.
"White women are a Republican constituency, and in many states they again voted as if patriarchy would protect them", said frequent MSNBC guest Jamil White.
"Powered by a massive turnout of women and fuelled by our incredible candidates, House Democrats gained several seats in the heartland", Democratic representative Cheri Bustos of IL said in a statement Tuesday night after House control was called for Democrats.
Polis campaigned on universal health, renewable energy standards and publicly-funded early childhood education, and vowed to stand up to President Trump's work to dismantle the Affordable Care Act.